Memory of Nation


Iron Curtain Stories


The Iron Curtain and its stories in the mobile application “Memory of Nations Sites”

This year marks the 25th anniversary of the collapse of the Iron Curtain, a “fence” that kept Europe divided for almost half a century. It marked the lives of hundreds of thousands of inhabitants of the old continent living on both of its sides. The material remnants hinting at the former existence of the old frontier are gradually fading away and there’s little left to guide our steps along a border that once passed through the bulk of Europe. The mobile application “Memory of Nations Sites” allows you to learn about the stories of the Iron Curtain on your mobile phone.

Throughout the years 2013 and 2014, an international collaborative platform of oral-history projects called “Memory of Nations” has carried out intense work devoted to documenting the stories of people whose lives were affected by the Iron Curtain. They conducted research into the destinies of smugglers, refugees, secret-services agents, inhabitants of the borderlands, people who had been displaced from the borderlands for their alleged political unreliability, border guards or people who were killed at the border. 120 testimonies of witnesses from Germany, the Czech Republic, Austria, Hungary, Slovakia, Croatia and Romania have been assembled. The testimonies have been made ​​available in the internet archive of Memory of Nations ( and also via the mobile application “Memory of Nations Sites”, encompassing a total of 226 stories and 175 places connected to the Iron Curtain.

The mobile application is free of charge and is available for the Andorid and iOS operating system. The app tells the stories in the very places where they happened and by the people who witnessed these stories as recorded in the interviews. In addition, the mobile app also contains a vast selection of texts and archival materials.

The project was made possible with the kind support of the Europe for Citizens program, the International Visegrad Fund and the Czech-German Future Fund. More information about the project is available at



Post Bellum, Czech Republic

Post Bellum SK, Slovakia

Johannes-Gutenberg University Mainz, Germany

Istrian Historical Society, Croatia

Memorial Sighet, Romania

Institute for the History of the 1956 Revolution, Hungary