Memory of Nation


Marie Vítovcová (1928)

  Marie Vítovcová (1928)
It was spring, we walked and were free

Others went to death

“One of us told the other one, ‘Your mum came with us.’ And she said, ‘My mum came? And where is she?’ And we said, ‘She’s not with us, she’s in the camp with women and children.’ And she said, ‘There’s no such camp. If she came with you and is not with you, then she went to a gas chamber.’ I broke down then. It was something horrible. There were 1,500 of us, many small children and young girls, and they selected 190 of us for work and all the others were sent to gas chambers.”

  • Born on June 15, 1928, into a Jewish family
  • Non religious, fully assimilated Czech-speaking family
  • After 1939 her father lost his job, Marie excluded from school, Sokol and Scout
  • On December 10, 1941, the family deported to Theresienstadt ghetto
  • On October 6, 1944, she was deported with her mother and sister to Auschwitz.
  • After 11 days transported to the labour camp in Märzdorf
  • Mother and sister died in Auschwitz, father in Kaufering
  • May 1945 liberated in Märzdorf
  • Returned to Prague and lived with her aunt and uncle
  • Trained as a gardener
  • Married, raised two children
  • Widow, living in Prague
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