Memory of Nation


Agnesa Horvátová (1949)

  Agnesa Horvátová (1949)
White, black or yellow. Love one another, you are here just once

Meeting skinheads

“We were afraid, much afraid. And you know that we met them even as an ensemble. We were in costumes, we didn’t have time to change. We met a group of young boys, fifteen sixteen. They were drunk. And they attacked us, adults. You walk down the street and have nothing in your hands. They had the chains. A girl took our side and they started abusing her: ‘You are a Jew, that is why you take their side.’ And they attacked her again. The very first stop our tram stopped we got off and walked. I said, ‘This is not worth it.’ We had great problems here.”

  • Born on April 4, 1949, in Ondavské Matiašovce in Eastern Slovakia
  • After primary school she could not get professional training due to the family's poor financial condition
  • In the early 1960s she and her family moved to Jinočany near Prague, where she met her future husband Milan Horvát, in whose family she learned the Romany language
  • She performed a number of jobs – worked in a brick factory, CKD, Tesla, eight years she worked with dustmen.
  • In the 1980s she founded, with her cousins Ladislav Rusenko, Margita Reiznerová and other members of the family, Romany folklore group Perumos
  • In 1989 she and other members of the group joined activities of the Romany Civic Initiative
  • In 1990 she debuted in a collection of Romany poetry Kale ruži /Black Roses/ and in 2003 she published a collection of fairy-tales Pal e bari Rama the aver paramisa /About Big Rama and Other Stories/
  • In 1996 to 1999 she lived with her family in emigration in Belgium
  • She is retired and hopes that her children and grandchildren will continue in the legacy of the Perumous ensemble
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