Memory of Nation


MUDr. Jaroslava Struková (1932)

MUDr. Jaroslava Struková (1932)
Having clear conscience brings one peace and happiness

We were lying on the floor in the train and Hungarians were shooting at it

“I was seven and a half years old. I began attending a Ukrainian elementary school in September. And in March 1939, one day late in the afternoon, some gentlemen came to us and they spoke to dad. And although I was a little child, I could sense that something was happening. Then things got busy at home, and some two hours later a truck drawn by horses arrived for us. They took us to Perechyn. We basically left without anything. We waited at the train station for a while and then a train for emigrants pulled in there. We boarded this train at about ten o’clock in the evening and I remember that even before the train left the station, Hungarians were shooting at it. My mom and I were lying on the floor. There were ugly wooden train cars. I was so scared when they were shooting at us. I was there about ten years ago and I visited my friend from the prewar times. Carpathian Ruthenia is a very beautiful region, and so I felt regret that I had not been able to grow up there. At that time I told Marica (her girl friend – ed.’s note) what it would have been like if I had stayed there. And she told me: ‘There would not have been anything at all, because Hungarians shot all the people from Galicia who had stayed there.’ We thus would not have stayed alive.”

  • born on September 8, 1932 in Uzhgorod in Carpathian Ruthenia
  • 1939 – she and her parents fled from Hungarian occupation of Carpathian Ruthenia
  • in the 1950s she faced problems with admission to the faculty of medicine of Masaryk University in Brno due to her religion and her Ukrainian origin
  • in April 1950 her family was affected by the manipulated congress of the Greek Catholic Church in Prešov during the so-called Akce P and the subsequent elimination of Greek Catholic believers; the political regime forcibly united the Greek Catholic Church with the Orthodox Church
  • married in the 1960s, they had two children
  • the StB contacted her husband in the 1970s and tried to make him work for them and provide information about the Ukrainian community in Czechoslovakia
  • her son faced problems when trying to get admitted to study of theology in Litoměřice in the 1980s due to his religious affiliation and Ukrainian origin
  • Jaroslava is now retired, but she is still active in many fields
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