Postbellum

Memory of Nation

 

MUDr. Jaroslava Struková (1932)

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MUDr. Jaroslava Struková (1932)
Having clear conscience brings one peace and happiness

We were lying on the floor in the train and Hungarians were shooting at it

“I was seven and a half years old. I began attending a Ukrainian elementary school in September. And in March 1939, one day late in the afternoon, some gentlemen came to us and they spoke to dad. And although I was a little child, I could sense that something was happening. Then things got busy at home, and some two hours later a truck drawn by horses arrived for us. They took us to Perechyn. We basically left without anything. We waited at the train station for a while and then a train for emigrants pulled in there. We boarded this train at about ten o’clock in the evening and I remember that even before the train left the station, Hungarians were shooting at it. My mom and I were lying on the floor. There were ugly wooden train cars. I was so scared when they were shooting at us. I was there about ten years ago and I visited my friend from the prewar times. Carpathian Ruthenia is a very beautiful region, and so I felt regret that I had not been able to grow up there. At that time I told Marica (her girl friend – ed.’s note) what it would have been like if I had stayed there. And she told me: ‘There would not have been anything at all, because Hungarians shot all the people from Galicia who had stayed there.’ We thus would not have stayed alive.”

  • born on September 8, 1932 in Uzhgorod in Carpathian Ruthenia
  • 1939 – she and her parents fled from Hungarian occupation of Carpathian Ruthenia
  • in the 1950s she faced problems with admission to the faculty of medicine of Masaryk University in Brno due to her religion and her Ukrainian origin
  • in April 1950 her family was affected by the manipulated congress of the Greek Catholic Church in Prešov during the so-called Akce P and the subsequent elimination of Greek Catholic believers; the political regime forcibly united the Greek Catholic Church with the Orthodox Church
  • married in the 1960s, they had two children
  • the StB contacted her husband in the 1970s and tried to make him work for them and provide information about the Ukrainian community in Czechoslovakia
  • her son faced problems when trying to get admitted to study of theology in Litoměřice in the 1980s due to his religious affiliation and Ukrainian origin
  • Jaroslava is now retired, but she is still active in many fields
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