Memory of Nation


Eva Mosnáková (1929)

 Eva Mosnáková (1929)
In the misery of times, humanity wasn´t killed by atrocities of the regime

1942: Deportations of Jews

“In 1942, when most Jews had to leave to be transported to Auschwitz, my teacher told me during a lesson: ʻEvička, would you, please, wait for me after school?’ So I waited until there were just the two of us. Then she hugged me and cried. I also cried. Because those people were our friends and we were saying goodbye. Even though my father wasn´t in danger yet, they were our friends. And it was terrible because there was a little girl going around asking: ʻWhy are you crying?’ And the girl was leaving too, and she never came back. There was another family with a 19-year old daughter severely suffering from tuberculosis who was to arrive all the way from the Vyšné Hágy Medical Center. The deportees were first concentrated in a Jewish school in Nitra and as she was unable to walk, they dragged her on to a stretcher, but she died yet before they got to the cattle car. So obviously, were they really leaving for work? But there was a couple with no children: Mr. Strasser, a fine craftsman, and Mrs. Strasser, a seamstress who made clothes for us. And when they were leaving they both said: ʻWe are not afraid, we can work hard, we will find an occupation (in Poland).’ But they never came back because they were not going to work; surely they were going to die.”

  • born in 1929; her father was a Jewish veterinarian and her Czech mother was Christian
  • she grew up in Handlová
  • from 1938 to 1940 she lived with her aunts in Brno and experienced the German occupation
  • 1940 the family settled in Močenok near Nitra
  • in 1942, due to her father´s economic importance as a vet, the family avoided the first wave of deportations
  • after the Slovak National Uprising the family went into hiding at the Laciház estate of Henrich Konrád, a Sudeten German
  • Mr. Konrád´s brother-in-law, Vlado Mosnák, took over the responsibility for their hiding; later was arrested by the Gestapo, deported to Mauthausen for being active in the resistance
  • after the liberation Eva and Vlado got married
  • in 1954 Vlado was accused of fraud in a fabricated trial and sentenced to work in Jáchymov mines
  • in 1968 Eva was professionally persecuted for her open rejection of the Soviet occupation of Czechoslovakia
  • today she helps Holocaust victims; she runs a survivors´club
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