Memory of Nation


Berta Růžičková (1931)

  Berta Růžičková (1931)
It was not liberation for us after the war, hell started for us

Liberation by the American and Russian army

“When the end of the war came, there were Americans in our place. But at the outskirts of the village and a little bit further, towards Nivy about a hundred or two hundred metres away, I don’t know, but approximately, there were Russians. In this way we happened to be in the American sector. But when we wanted to go visit our relatives before they were deported, because they were not deported until 1946, we needed to have a permission, a document in order to be able to go. But the Americans did not need any permits, the Russians required them.”

  • born July 17, 1931 in a village near Sokolov in a German family
  • nearly all of her family were deported after the war
  • she went to visit her relatives in the assembly camp in Sokolov where she experienced bullying from the guards
  • she and her parents and siblings had to remain in Czechoslovakia because they were considered ‘indispensable’
  • a family from Slovakia took over their house after the war and her family had to move out
  • married in 1951 and moved to Nejdek
  • learnt to speak Czech fluently only after she had married
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